Haryana, ancient name Haritanaka, is a state in north India. It came into existence on 1 November 1966 as a newly created state carved out of the Punjab state on the basis of language. It has been a part of the Kuru region in North India.
Haryana is also one of the wealthier states of India and had the second highest per capita income in the country. The economy of Haryana relies on manufacturing, business process outsourcing, agriculture and retail.
About 70% of residents are engaged in agriculture maize and rice are the major crops. Haryana is self-sufficient in food production and the second largest contributor to India's central pool of food grains.