Kerala, regionally referred to as Keralam, is a state in the south-west region of India on the Malabar coast. It was formed on 1 November 1956 as per the States Reorganisation Act by combining various Malayalam-speaking regions. The state capital is Thiruvananthapuram, other major cities include Kochi, Kozhikode, Thrissur, and Kollam.
Kerala produces 97% of the national output of black pepper and accounts for 85% of the area under natural rubber in the country. Kerala agriculture comprises of Coconut, tea, coffee, cashew, and spices—including cardamom, vanilla, cinnamon, and nutmeg. Kerala is one of the leading producers of fish in India.