Goa is India's smallest state by area and the fourth smallest by population. Located in West India in the region known as the Konkan, it is bounded by the state of Maharashtra to the north, and by Karnataka to the east and south, while the Arabian Sea forms its western coast. Goa is India's richest state with a GDP per capita.
Renowned for its beaches, places of worship and world heritage architecture, Goa is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year. Goa's history goes back 20,000 - 30,000 years. Mining in Goa focuses on ores of iron, Bauxite, manganese, clays, limestone and silica. Medium scale industries include the manufacturing of pesticides, fertilisers, tyres, tubes, footwear, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, wheat products, steel rolling, fruits and fish canning, cashew nuts, textiles, brewery products.
Goa is also notable for its low beer, wine and spirits prices due to its very low excise duty on alcohol. The architecture of Goa is a combination of Indian, Islamic and Portuguese styles.